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  • Measure Summary
  • NQMC:008509
  • Mar 2011

Blood components: percentage of patients with hemoglobin greater than 7 gm/dL prior to transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC).

Quality indicators in critically ill patients. Madrid (Spain): Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary (SEMICYUC); 2011. 185 p.

View the original measure documentation External Web Site Policy

This is the current release of the measure.

The measure developer reaffirmed the currency of this measure in May 2016.

Primary Measure Domain

Clinical Quality Measures: Process

Secondary Measure Domain

Does not apply to this measure

Description

This measure is used to assess the percentage of patients with hemoglobin greater than 7 gm/dL prior to transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC).

Rationale

The aim of intensive care medicine is to provide critical patients with the healthcare that they need, ensuring the quality and safety of care. Intensive care medicine is one of the principal components of modern healthcare systems. There is an increasing demand for this resource, which involves high costs.

The quality of care has gradually come to be the central focus of healthcare, and in recent years patient safety has come to represent one of the key aspects of quality. In the case of intensive care medicine, this interest in quality is even more evident, not only because of its social and economic impact, but also because some of the dimensions involved in the quality of care of critical patients take on greater importance: critical patients are more vulnerable, access to critical care is more limited so efforts to distribute resources equitably are more important, scant scientific evidence is available, and the efficiency is limited.

Transfusion with a hemoglobin (Hb) threshold greater than 9 gm/dL has not been proven efficacious in reducing morbidity and mortality. Restrictive transfusion policies (Hb less than 7 gm/dL) reduce morbidity and mortality at 30 and 60 days in young patients (less than 55 years) of moderate severity (Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation [APACHE] less than 20).

Evidence for Rationale

Blood Observational Study Investigators of ANZICS-Clinical Trials Group, Westbrook A, Pettila V, Nichol A, Bailey MJ, Syres G, Murray L, Bellomo R, Wood E, Phillips LE, Street A, French C, Orford N, Santamaria J, Cooper DJ. Transfusion practice and guidelines in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units. Intensive Care Med. 2010 Jul;36(7):1138-46. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Hajjar LA, Vincent JL, Galas FR, Nakamura RE, Silva CM, Santos MH, Fukushima J, Kalil Filho R, Sierra DB, Lopes NH, Mauad T, Roquim AC, Sundin MR, Leao WC, Almeida JP, Pomerantzeff PM, Dallan LO, Jatene FB, Stolf NA, Auler JO Jr. Transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery: the TRACS randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2010 Oct 13;304(14):1559-67. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Hebert PC, Wells G, Blajchman MA, Marshall J, Martin C, Pagliarello G, Tweeddale M, Schweitzer I, Yetisir E. A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care Investigators, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1999 Feb 11;340(6):409-17. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Lacroix J, Hebert PC, Hutchison JS, Hume HA, Tucci M, Ducruet T, Gauvin F, Collet JP, Toledano BJ, Robillard P, Joffe A, Biarent D, Meert K, Peters MJ, TRIPICU Investigators, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators Network. Transfusion strategies for patients in pediatric intensive care units. N Engl J Med. 2007 Apr 19;356(16):1609-19. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Leal Noval SR, Muñoz Gómez M, Campanario García A. Trasfusión en el paciente crítico. Med Intensiva. 2004;28:464-9.

Marik PE, Corwin HL. Efficacy of red blood cell transfusion in the critically ill: a systematic review of the literature. Crit Care Med. 2008 Sep;36(9):2667-74. [84 references] PubMed External Web Site Policy

Quality indicators in critically ill patients. Madrid (Spain): Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary (SEMICYUC); 2011. 185 p.

Primary Health Components

Blood components; hemoglobin; transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC)

Denominator Description

Number of patients transfused (see the related "Denominator Inclusions/Exclusions" field)

Numerator Description

Number of patients with hemoglobin greater than 7 gm/dL prior to transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC) (see the related "Numerator Inclusions/Exclusions" field)

Type of Evidence Supporting the Criterion of Quality for the Measure

  • A clinical practice guideline or other peer-reviewed synthesis of the clinical research evidence
  • A formal consensus procedure, involving experts in relevant clinical, methodological, public health and organizational sciences
  • One or more research studies published in a National Library of Medicine (NLM) indexed, peer-reviewed journal

Additional Information Supporting Need for the Measure

Unspecified

Extent of Measure Testing

Unspecified

State of Use

Current routine use

Current Use

Internal quality improvement

Measurement Setting

Hospital Inpatient

Intensive Care Units

Professionals Involved in Delivery of Health Services

Physicians

Least Aggregated Level of Services Delivery Addressed

Single Health Care Delivery or Public Health Organizations

Statement of Acceptable Minimum Sample Size

Unspecified

Target Population Age

Age greater than or equal to 18 years

Target Population Gender

Either male or female

National Quality Strategy Aim

Better Care

National Quality Strategy Priority

Prevention and Treatment of Leading Causes of Mortality

IOM Care Need

Getting Better

IOM Domain

Effectiveness

Case Finding Period

Unspecified

Denominator Sampling Frame

Patients associated with provider

Denominator (Index) Event or Characteristic

Institutionalization

Therapeutic Intervention

Denominator Time Window

Does not apply to this measure

Denominator Inclusions/Exclusions

Inclusions
Number of patients transfused

Population: All patients transfused in intensive care unit (ICU) during the period reviewed.

Exclusions

  • Massive bleeding; acute coronary syndrome; severe sepsis grave/septic shock in the resuscitation phase; severe hypoxemia
  • Brain death or imminent brain death
  • Pregnancy
  • In children less than 16 years: hemodynamic instability, acute bleeding, or cardiovascular disease

Exclusions/Exceptions

Medical factors addressed

Numerator Inclusions/Exclusions

Inclusions
Number of patients with hemoglobin greater than 7 gm/dL prior to transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC)

Note: The maximum period between hemoglobin determination prior to transfusion and transfusion of the first PRBC unit is 24 hours.

Exclusions
Unspecified

Numerator Search Strategy

Institutionalization

Data Source

Electronic health/medical record

Paper medical record

Type of Health State

Does not apply to this measure

Instruments Used and/or Associated with the Measure

Unspecified

Measure Specifies Disaggregation

Does not apply to this measure

Scoring

Rate/Proportion

Interpretation of Score

Desired value is a lower score

Allowance for Patient or Population Factors

Unspecified

Standard of Comparison

Internal time comparison

Prescriptive standard

Prescriptive Standard

Standard: 3%

Evidence for Prescriptive Standard

Quality indicators in critically ill patients. Madrid (Spain): Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary (SEMICYUC); 2011. 185 p.

Original Title

Inappropriate transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC).

Measure Collection Name

Quality Indicators in Critically Ill Patients

Measure Set Name

Blood Components

Submitter

Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary - Clinical Specialty Collaboration

Developer

Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary - Clinical Specialty Collaboration

Funding Source(s)

Boehringer Laboratories

Composition of the Group that Developed the Measure

Work Group for Blood Products

  • Juan Carlos Ruiz Rodríguez
  • Santiago Ramón Leal Noval
  • Pablo Torrabadella de Reynoso
  • Manuel Quintana Díaz

Scientific Coordination:

  • Maria Cruz Martín Delgado
  • Jesús Blanco Varela
  • Lluís Cabré Pericas
  • Pedro Galdos Anuncibay
  • Federico Gordo Vidal

Financial Disclosures/Other Potential Conflicts of Interest

Unspecified

Adaptation

This measure was not adapted from another source.

Date of Most Current Version in NQMC

2011 Mar

Measure Maintenance

Unspecified

Date of Next Anticipated Revision

2016 Jul

Measure Status

This is the current release of the measure.

The measure developer reaffirmed the currency of this measure in May 2016.

Source(s)

Quality indicators in critically ill patients. Madrid (Spain): Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary (SEMICYUC); 2011. 185 p.

Measure Availability

Source available in English External Web Site Policy and Spanish External Web Site Policy from the Spanish Society of Intensive and Critical Care and Units Coronary (SEMICYUC) Web site.

For more information, contact SEMICYUC at Paseo de la Reina Cristina, 36, 4o D, Madrid, Spain; Phone: +34-91-502-12-13; Fax: +34-91-502-12-14; Web site: www.semicyuc.org External Web Site Policy; E-mail: secretaria@semicyuc.org.

NQMC Status

This NQMC summary was completed by ECRI Institute on January 8, 2014. The information was verified by the measure developer on February 26, 2014.

The information was reaffirmed by the measure developer on May 10, 2016.

Copyright Statement

This NQMC summary is based on the original measure, which is subject to the measure developer's copyright restrictions.

The Quality Indicators in Critically Ill Patients update 2011 can be used by any private or public body only for the purposes of research, clinical management, teaching and education, and will not be used for any other purpose. In all cases, full credit to the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine (SEMICYUC) will be granted. The commercial use of the Quality Indicators in Critically Ill Patients update 2011 is explicitly forbidden.

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