Skip to main content

The AHRQ National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NQMC, qualitymeasures.ahrq.gov) Web site will not be available after July 16, 2018 because federal funding
through AHRQ will no longer be available to support the NQMC as of that date. For additional information, read our full announcement.
  • Measure Summary
  • NQMC:011195
  • Jul 2016

Prostate cancer: proportion of patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate where a minimum of 10 cores are received by pathology.

NHS Scotland, Scottish Cancer Taskforce, National Cancer Quality Steering Group. Prostate cancer clinical quality performance indicators. Edinburgh (Scotland): Healthcare Improvement Scotland; 2016 Jul. 38 p. [21 references]

View the original measure documentation External Web Site Policy

This is the current release of the measure.

Primary Measure Domain

Clinical Quality Measures: Process

Secondary Measure Domain

Does not apply to this measure

Description

This measure is used to assess the proportion of patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate where a minimum of 10 cores are received by pathology.

Note from the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse: This measure is part of the Cancer Quality Performance Indicators (QPIs) collection. For more information, including a complete list of QPI measure sets, please visit the Healthcare Improvement Scotland Web site External Web Site Policy.

Rationale

Where biopsy is being undertaken to diagnose prostate cancer a minimum of ten cores of tissue should be taken to ensure adequate sampling (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence [NICE], 2014; Comprehensive Cancer Centre the Netherlands, 2007; Prostate Cancer Risk Management Programme, 2006).

In line with recommended best practice local anaesthetic should be given to patients undergoing trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) prostate biopsy (Heidenreich et al., 2010).

Evidence for Rationale

Comprehensive Cancer Centre the Netherlands. Prostate cancer. [internet]. Amsterdam (The Netherlands): Association of Comprehensive Cancer Centres (ACCC); 2007 [accessed 2013 Aug 01].

Heidenreich A, Bolla M, Joniau S, et al, members of the European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Office. Guidelines on prostate cancer. Arnhem (The Netherlands): European Association of Urology (EAU); 2010.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Prostate cancer: diagnosis and management. London (UK): National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE); 2014 Jan 8. 45 p.  (Clinical guideline; no. 175).

NHS Scotland, Scottish Cancer Taskforce, National Cancer Quality Steering Group. Prostate cancer clinical quality performance indicators. Edinburgh (Scotland): Healthcare Improvement Scotland; 2016 Jul. 38 p. [21 references]

Prostate Cancer Risk Management Programme. Undertaking a trans-rectal ultrasound guided biopsy of the prostate. London (UK): National Health Service (NHS); 2006.

Primary Health Components

Prostate cancer; trans-rectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) biopsy; pathology

Denominator Description

All patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate (see the related "Denominator Inclusions/Exclusions" field)

Numerator Description

Number of patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy where a minimum of 10 cores are received by pathology (see the related "Numerator Inclusions/Exclusions" field)

Type of Evidence Supporting the Criterion of Quality for the Measure

  • A clinical practice guideline or other peer-reviewed synthesis of the clinical research evidence
  • A formal consensus procedure, involving experts in relevant clinical, methodological, public health and organizational sciences

Additional Information Supporting Need for the Measure

Unspecified

Extent of Measure Testing

The collection of data is piloted on a small number of patient records using a paper data collection form produced by Information Services Division (ISD). The aim is to identify any anomalies or difficulties with data collection prior to full implementation. At least one NHS board in each Regional Cancer Network participates in the pilot.

Evidence for Extent of Measure Testing

NHS Scotland. National cancer quality performance indicators: overview of development process. Edinburgh (Scotland): NHS Scotland; 2012 Dec. 7 p.

State of Use

Current routine use

Current Use

Internal quality improvement

National reporting

Public reporting

Measurement Setting

Ambulatory Procedure/Imaging Center

Hospital Inpatient

Hospital Outpatient

Professionals Involved in Delivery of Health Services

Physicians

Least Aggregated Level of Services Delivery Addressed

Single Health Care Delivery or Public Health Organizations

Statement of Acceptable Minimum Sample Size

Unspecified

Target Population Age

Unspecified

Target Population Gender

Male (only)

National Quality Strategy Aim

Better Care

National Quality Strategy Priority

Prevention and Treatment of Leading Causes of Mortality

IOM Care Need

Living with Illness

IOM Domain

Effectiveness

Case Finding Period

Unspecified

Denominator Sampling Frame

Patients associated with provider

Denominator (Index) Event or Characteristic

Clinical Condition

Diagnostic Evaluation

Denominator Time Window

Does not apply to this measure

Denominator Inclusions/Exclusions

Inclusions
All patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate

Exclusions

  • Patients enrolled in clinical trials
  • Patients with advanced (T4NanyMany) or metastatic disease (TanyNanyM1)

Exclusions/Exceptions

Medical factors addressed

System factors addressed

Numerator Inclusions/Exclusions

Inclusions
Number of patients with prostate cancer who undergo trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy of the prostate where a minimum of 10 cores are received by pathology

Exclusions

  • Patients enrolled in clinical trials
  • Patients with advanced (T4NanyMany) or metastatic disease (TanyNanyM1)

Numerator Search Strategy

Fixed time period or point in time

Data Source

Electronic health/medical record

Paper medical record

Type of Health State

Does not apply to this measure

Instruments Used and/or Associated with the Measure

Unspecified

Measure Specifies Disaggregation

Does not apply to this measure

Scoring

Rate/Proportion

Interpretation of Score

Desired value is a higher score

Allowance for Patient or Population Factors

Unspecified

Standard of Comparison

External comparison at a point in, or interval of, time

External comparison of time trends

Internal time comparison

Prescriptive standard

Prescriptive Standard

Target: 90%

The tolerance within this target is designed to account for situations where, due to clinical suspicion, a smaller number of cores will suffice if the biopsy operator is satisfied they have taken sufficient tissue to make a histological diagnosis.

In addition, some patients may become unwell during the procedure, meaning that the procedure may have to be abandoned.

Evidence for Prescriptive Standard

NHS Scotland, Scottish Cancer Taskforce, National Cancer Quality Steering Group. Prostate cancer clinical quality performance indicators. Edinburgh (Scotland): Healthcare Improvement Scotland; 2016 Jul. 38 p. [21 references]

Original Title

QPI 1 – biopsy procedure.

Measure Collection Name

Cancer Quality Performance Indicators (QPIs)

Measure Set Name

Prostate Cancer

Submitter

NHS Scotland - National Government Agency [Non-U.S.]

Scottish Cancer Taskforce - National Government Agency [Non-U.S.]

Developer

NHS Scotland - National Government Agency [Non-U.S.]

Scottish Cancer Taskforce - National Government Agency [Non-U.S.]

Funding Source(s)

Scottish Government

Composition of the Group that Developed the Measure

Prostate Cancer QPI Development Group

Financial Disclosures/Other Potential Conflicts of Interest

Unspecified

Adaptation

This measure was not adapted from another source.

Date of Most Current Version in NQMC

2016 Jul

Measure Maintenance

The Cancer Quality Performance Indicators (QPIs) will be kept under regular review and be responsive to changes in clinical practice and emerging evidence. Formal reviews are conducted every 3 years and baseline checks each year.

Date of Next Anticipated Revision

Unspecified

Measure Status

This is the current release of the measure.

Source(s)

NHS Scotland, Scottish Cancer Taskforce, National Cancer Quality Steering Group. Prostate cancer clinical quality performance indicators. Edinburgh (Scotland): Healthcare Improvement Scotland; 2016 Jul. 38 p. [21 references]

Measure Availability

Source document available from the Healthcare Improvement Scotland Web site External Web Site Policy.

For more information, contact the Healthcare Improvement Scotland at Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh, Scotland EH12 9EB; Phone: 0131 623 4300; E-mail: comments.his@nhs.net; Web site: www.healthcareimprovementscotland.org/ External Web Site Policy.

Companion Documents

The following is available:

  • NHS Scotland. National cancer quality performance indicators: overview of development process. Edinburgh (Scotland): NHS Scotland; 2012 Dec. 7 p. This document is available from the Healthcare Improvement Scotland Web site External Web Site Policy.

NQMC Status

This NQMC summary was completed by ECRI Institute on May 31, 2017.

Copyright Statement

No copyright restrictions apply.

NQMC Disclaimer

The National Quality Measures Clearinghouse™ (NQMC) does not develop, produce, approve, or endorse the measures represented on this site.

All measures summarized by NQMC and hosted on our site are produced under the auspices of medical specialty societies, relevant professional associations, public and private organizations, other government agencies, health care organizations or plans, individuals, and similar entities.

Measures represented on the NQMC Web site are submitted by measure developers, and are screened solely to determine that they meet the NQMC Inclusion Criteria.

NQMC, AHRQ, and its contractor ECRI Institute make no warranties concerning the content or its reliability and/or validity of the quality measures and related materials represented on this site. Moreover, the views and opinions of developers or authors of measures represented on this site do not necessarily state or reflect those of NQMC, AHRQ, or its contractor, ECRI Institute, and inclusion or hosting of measures in NQMC may not be used for advertising or commercial endorsement purposes.

Readers with questions regarding measure content are directed to contact the measure developer.

About NQMC Measure Summaries

NQMC provides structured summaries containing information about measures and their development.

Measure Summary FAQs


Measure Summaries

New This Week

View more and sign up for our Newsletter

Get Adobe Reader